Details of Carrot Varieties
To see an explanation of the various parts of the carrot root, including diagram click here.
Examples of typical carrot root shapes here
Carrot cultivars can be grouped into two broad classes, eastern carrots and western carrots. A number of novelty cultivars have been bred for particular characteristics.
"Eastern" (a European and American continent reference) carrots were domesticated in Persia (probably in the lands of modern-day Iran and Afghanistan within West Asia) during the 10th century, or possibly earlier. Specimens of the "eastern" carrot that survive to the present day are commonly purple or yellow, and often have branched roots. The purple colour common in these carrots comes from anthocyanin pigments.
"Western" carrot cultivars are commonly classified by their root shape. The four general types are:
Chantenay carrots. Although the roots are shorter than other cultivars, they have vigorous foliage and greater girth, being broad in the shoulders and tapering towards a blunt, rounded tip. They store well, have a pale-coloured core and are mostly used for processing. Cultivars include 'Korodo', 'Carson Hybrid' and 'Red Cored Chantenay'.
Danvers carrots. These have strong foliage and the roots are longer than Chantaney types, and they have a conical shape with a well-defined shoulder, tapering to a point. They are somewhat shorter than Imperator cultivars, but more tolerant of heavy soil conditions. Danvers cultivars store well and are used both fresh and for processing. They were developed in 1871 in Danvers, Massachusetts. Cultivars include 'Danvers Half Long' and 'Danvers 126'.
Imperator carrots. This cultivar has vigorous foliage, is of high sugar content, and has long and slender roots, tapering to a pointed tip. Imperator types are the most widely cultivated by commercial growers. Cultivars include Yellowstone 'Imperator 58' and 'Sugarsnax Hybrid'.
Nantes carrots. These have sparse foliage, are cylindrical, short with a more blunt tip than Imperator types, and attain high yields in a range of conditions. The skin is easily damaged and the core is deeply pigmented. They are brittle, high in sugar and store less well than other types. Cultivars include 'Nelson Hybrid', 'Scarlet Nantes' and 'Sweetness Hybrid'.
Adelaide - 0ne of the earliest maturing varieties, giving smooth skinned, cylindrical roots which quickly form well filled, stump roots. Producing an impressive, deep orange colour root even from the earliest sowings.
Autumn King 2 - An excellent maincrop variety with long, large, high quality conical roots with a fine, even internal colour. Highly recommended for eating fresh or for winter storage.
Carrot Tendersnax - Carrot Tendersnax is an early maturity sister line to Sugarsnax producing slightly tapered, 13-15cm (5-6in) blunt ended, smooth, rich orange roots. Outstanding juicy and tender sweet flavour. Delicious eaten raw in salads, used for juicing or as a cooked vegetable. High in Beta-carotene and Vitamin A and rich in antioxidants.
Carson - Long roots with rich orange core and a crunchy sweet taste. Chantenay hybrids are renowned for their taste, and this is one of the best. Maincrop maturity that bulks up well to give good weight roots that store really well for autumn and winter use.
Flyaway - The result of over 15 years breeding, this is we believe the closest to being a completely carrot fly resistant variety. In recent trials it came out top when grown against over 20 other 'resistant' varieties. Its resistance lies in it having low levels of chlorogenic acid, a chemical which the larvae of the carrot fly needs for survival. This means that it appears to be unattractive to the fly and even if your crop is attacked to some degree the larvae will soon die after doing relatively little damage. A Nantes type with cylindrical roots and a good blunt end and, perhaps most importantly, they are succulent and sweet. This variety is based on original breeding work carried out by Dr Bob Ellis and sponsored by MAFF funding.
Flyfree - Resistance lies in them having low levels of chlorogenic acid, a chemical which the larvae of the carrot fly needs for survival. This means that they appear to be unattractive to the fly and even if your crop is attacked to some degree the larvae will soon die after doing relatively little damage.
Healthmaster - Resistance lies in them having low levels of chlorogenic acid, a chemical which the larvae of the carrot fly needs for survival. This means that they appear to be unattractive to the fly and even if your crop is attacked to some degree the larvae will soon die after doing relatively little damage.
Infinity -Infinity is an outstanding new carrot, which produces long, slender sweet roots with uniform orange colouring. This tasty variety is perfect for use raw as a snack for dips, as well as in winter stews and casseroles.
Jeanette - Early maturing Nantes with smooth conical roots. Ideal for salads, due to good colour, with vigorous foliage making pulling easier. T&M are pleased to offer a range of seed varieties, all totally organic. with the Soil Association accreditation. T&M have specially selected F1. hybrids or varieties bred to give increased hybrid vigour, garden performance and flavour, thus increasing your harvest. Because of their wide ranging pest and disease resistance, there will be no need for use of chemicals
Jumbo - This variety holds the World Record for the longest carrot. It's amazingly tasty too. How do you eat a carrot that size? Diced and steamed with a little chopped orange peel and honey for extra flavour.
Juwarot - Juwarot is sensational. It contains a higher level of vitamin A than can be found in any other carrot at the moment. And, as you would expect, it has a richly crisp and crunchy, delicious flavour. Vitamin A is vital to the growth of children and this carrot is an excellent method of ensuring they get sufficient. Juwarot in particular appears to have double the vitamin A of any other vegetable.Juwarot
Langerote stumfe - A good carrot to grow heavy rooted veg. although large retains its flavour and juiciness, produces approximately 55% juice and is a fine main crop carrot.
Littlefinger - Quick maturing, cylindrical, tender sweet orange roots.
Mokum - High yielding, very juicy, crisp and sweet, top quality, long, conical roots and small core. Ideal for juicing or fresh eating. Can be sown indoors from January onwards. Suitable for growing under glass, frames and containers.
Nantes frubund - Highly commended by the Royal Horticultural Society, UK. It is the first genuine autumn sowing carrot, exceptionally early and cold resistant. It will give you carrots in your garden in the spring when nobody else has them and when they are fetching high prices in the shops. A very important autumn sowing vegetable breakthrough.
Nigel - A maincrop Nantes variety producing heavy crops of smooth skinned, good flavoured, bright orange roots. The roots of this carrot resist cracking, and store well for winter usage. Also suitable for successional sowing if finger roots are required. Quick growing and suitable for all season cropping.
Parmex - Excellent new stumpy carrot suitable for windowbox and container growing. The delicious, tender, bite-size carrots with a smooth skin are early to mature and uniform. Also suitable for clay soils where growing carrots can be a problem.
Resistafly - Successful British breeding in improved carrot fly resistance has resulted in Resistafly, an outstanding variety with early vigour, uniform appearance, rich core colour and smooth skin. A breakthrough introduction. Recommended for mid to late season use.
New Red Intermediate - very long rooted main crop variety with excellent quality, shape and colour with a small core which has long been a favourite among exhibitors. A good culinary variety too, the roots storing well over winter.
St Valery - A main crop carrot which has stood the test of time and is still popular for its long, red, uniform roots of high quality and rich, sweet flavour. It crops and keeps well and the internal colour is good with only a small core. Highly recommended for eating fresh or winter storage.
Yellowstone - The first yellow, F1 Hybrid Carrot! Adding a whole new dimension to carrots and their uses, Yellowstone has rich, canary yellow, smooth skin along with a succulent, sweet crunch. Amazing!
New, unique and tasty Easy to grow. Ideal for children.
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